Clubs de lectura como estrategia para aumentar el conocimiento sobre nutrición entre la población general

Estudio piloto

  • María Teresa López-Díaz Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Complutense University, Madrid, Spain
  • Irene Romero Department of Characterization, Quality and Safety, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, Spain
  • María Ángeles Martín Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, Spain
  • María Teresa Sánchez-Ballesta Department of Characterization, Quality and Safety, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, Spain
  • Joaquín Gómez-Estaca Department of Meat and Fishery Products, Institute of Food Science, Spain
  • David Álvarez-Cilleros Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, Spain
  • Sonia Ramos Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, Spain
  • Marta Mesias Garcia Department of Characterization, Quality and Safety, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, Spain
  • Elena Peñas Department of Biotechnological Processes and Biotechnology, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, Spain
  • Jara Pérez-Jiménez Department of Metabolism and Nutrition, Institute of Food Science, Technology and Nutrition, Spain
Palabras clave: creencias erróneas sobre nutrición, mitos alimentarios, divulgación científica, alfabetización alimentaria, educación nutricional

Resumen

Introducción: La difusión de noticias falsas relacionadas con la nutrición muestra la necesidad de proporcionar al público general información validada sobre alimentación y salud, induciendo a llevar hábitos dietéticos saludables. Objetivo: Evaluar si la asistencia a clubs de lectura dedicados a libros de divulgación científica es una estrategia útil para mejorar el conocimiento nutricional entre la población. Metodología: 65 adultos participaron en un club de lectura, asistiendo una vez al mes, durante 4 meses a un centro de investigación para conversar sobre libros científicos divulgativos de alimentación/nutrición. Se llevó a cabo un seguimiento de los conocimientos de los participantes a través de una encuesta realizada en todas las sesiones del club de lectura. Resultados: Los participantes fueron en su mayoría mujeres con estudios universitarios. La asistencia a los clubs de lectura provocó un aumento significativo (P < 0,05) en el número de respuestas correctas en un cuestionario sobre las creencias erróneas comunes en los temas tratados en los libros discutidos. Conclusiones: Los clubs de lectura basados en libros de divulgación científica y dirigidos por científicos con experiencia en el campo pueden aumentar el conocimiento nutricional entre la población en general, debiéndose explorar más a fondo en diferentes contextos socioeconómicos.

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Publicado
2023-06-13
Cómo citar
López-Díaz, M. T., Romero, I., Martín, M. Ángeles, Sánchez-Ballesta, M. T., Gómez-Estaca, J., Álvarez-Cilleros, D., Ramos, S., Mesias Garcia, M., Peñas, E., & Pérez-Jiménez, J. (2023). Clubs de lectura como estrategia para aumentar el conocimiento sobre nutrición entre la población general: Estudio piloto. REVISTA ESPAÑOLA DE COMUNICACIÓN EN SALUD, 14(1), 8-21. https://doi.org/10.20318/recs.2023.7211
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