¿Zósimo de Panópolis fue cristiano?

  • Olivier Dufault Investigador independiente
Palabras clave: alquimia, Apologética, Corpus Hermeticum, Gnosticismo clásico, Cristianismo primitivo, Zósimo de Panópolis

Resumen

Zósimo de Panópolis, el primer autor identificable de alquimia griega, escribió en Egipto a finales del siglo III o IV E.C. Durante más de un siglo, los eruditos lo han considerado alternativamente como cristiano o como pagano. Una reconsideración de su tratado Sobre la letra Omega y el tratado conocido como La cuenta final o La abstinencia final (teleutaia apochē) y la Primera lección sobre la excelencia demuestra que percibió a Jesús como un salvador, que sus citas de las Hermetica no están en contradicción con nociones cristianas básicas y que creía que los dioses de Egipto eran seres divinos malvados. Su cristología y antropología comparten características con la teología “gnóstica clásica” y otras nociones cristianas primitivas. También es característico de las soteriologías presentadas en algunos informes heresiológicos, en los que Zósimo describió a Jesús enseñando a los humanos a “cortar” su cuerpo. Esta última observación, que depende de que se reconozca a Zósimo como cristiano, arroja luz sobre el simbolismo de la Primera lección sobre la excelencia.

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Publicado
2022-10-07
Cómo citar
Dufault, O. (2022). ¿Zósimo de Panópolis fue cristiano?. ARYS. Antigüedad: Religiones Y Sociedades, (20), 135-170. https://doi.org/10.20318/arys.2022.6795
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Monográfico